Dental problems in rabbits? We don’t brush rabbit teeth! It’s true. In fact, most rabbits use those teeth to chew, thereby keeping them nicely manicured. But sometimes a pet rabbit’s teeth grow wrong. They might even grow too long if your pet rabbit doesn’t keep them short from chewing. How can you help your rabbit with his dental needs?


Dental Problems in Rabbits and How to Treat Them


If you want your bunny to live a long healthy life, you need to take good care of its dental health. Teeth and gastrointestinal tract play an important role in maintaining your rabbit’s good health. If your rabbit is suffering from dental problems, it will never be able to get the best out of the feed you’re feeding.

dental problems in rabbits

In short, in order for your little pet to be healthy, its teeth must be in good condition. In this article, we will talk about the normal structure of teeth in rabbits, common dental problems, and their treatment. We will also talk about some care tips that will help you maintain the good dental health of your pet rabbit.

Teeth structure of rabbits


The purpose of a rabbit’s teeth is to chomp and chew food. Since they are herbivores, bunnies never have to chew meat or nibble bones. Rabbits have different teeth structures than cats and dogs.

Rabbits have an interesting arrangement of their upper incisors in that the second incisor is behind the first incisor. The second incisor is referred to as the “peg tooth”. The molars and premolars are frequently called “cheek teeth.” The “cheek teeth” are used for grinding and chomping, whereas the four bigger incisor teeth are utilized for grasping, tearing, and slicing.

Rabbit dental health and diet


If the pet parents are unaware of the dangers of feeding them a pellet-based diet, indoor rabbits may develop dental issues. Pellets can provide enough nutrients for rabbits but lack the fiber and resistance needed to prevent the teeth from overgrowing, especially the massive incisors.

A bad diet can impair a rabbit’s teeth in just a few days because they are designed to wear down quickly. Consequently, a rabbit’s diet, both in terms of variety and consistency, is crucial to ensuring proper tooth wear. Grass and other leafy plants are particularly abrasive and loaded with a variety of mineral grains. A rabbit needs more time and effort to consume grass and hay than it does to consume commercial pellets. Therefore, compared to a diet where pellets are the primary source of food, one high in this kind of vegetation will result in higher tooth wear

healthy food for rabbits

Dental problems in rabbits


Grinding teeth is not only a bunny habit, but it is also necessary. A rabbit’s teeth continue to develop throughout its lifetime, unlike the majority of mammals. Rabbits that don’t get their teeth trimmed can end up with abscesses, oral sores, and misaligned teeth. Because of their limited pain threshold, rabbits are particularly uncomfortable under these circumstances. The discomfort and inefficiency of the teeth will make your rabbit not want to eat, which will quickly reduce its chances of surviving.

dental problems in rabbits



Incorrect tooth wear and overgrowth of the incisors or molars can develop from malocclusion, which is the abnormal placement or joining of the teeth while the jaws are clenched, in rabbits.

Chewing is less effective due to the misaligned teeth. Malocclusion can result from a variety of factors, although most cases have more than one underlying cause. Infection inherited conditions, and even minor trauma are all possible causes.

Root abscesses


An infection around a tooth root’s socket in the bone is known as a tooth root abscess. It often has pus accumulation. Tooth root abscesses are uncomfortable and challenging to treat. Your rabbit may heal well if a tooth root abscess is discovered early and treated effectively, but regrettably, many tooth root abscesses never completely resolve.

Overgrown Teeth


Your rabbit will have difficulty grooming, eating, drinking, and closing its mouth if the front teeth develop excessively or in the wrong direction. Back teeth will probably also be problematic if the front teeth are overgrown.

It is fairly easy to cut or trim the overgrown teeth on your rabbit. This technique is painless because their teeth are constructed differently than ours. Still, we’d advise you to leave this to your vet to avoid any accidents.



First, every rabbit that comes into the veterinary clinic needs to have a physical exam, including an oral exam. The likelihood of successful treatment is increased when the problem is diagnosed timely. Your vet may use anesthesia for a more comprehensive oral examination if a dental infection is suspected.

Depending on the type of dental condition your rabbit has, treatment may involve surgery, pain meds, other drugs, assistance with eating, and dietary adjustments.

The majority of rabbits with dental problems will need dental treatments, such as tooth trimming or extractions, which must be carried out while the rabbit is under anesthesia. Most rabbits are able to live a joyful, pain-free life with regular dental treatment and trimmings.

Depending on how badly the tooth has been hurt, many cases can be restored while others require extraction. In order to treat an abscess, the primary treatment is to remove the cause, which is an infected tooth. Veterinarians may recommend repeated lances and flushes of the abscess, systemic antibiotics, surgical excision of the abscess, or a combination of these treatments.



It is in the best interest of you and your rabbit to maintain the health of our rabbits’ teeth. Preventing a health problem from happening is easier than treating it later. There are some tips that can help you take better care of your bunny’s dental health and prevent problems. Take a few precautions, and your rabbit’s dental health is not in danger anymore.

Giving rabbits a diet close to what they eat in the wild is the key to their dental health. Grass, hay, and fresh greens, along with a small number of pellets, are far healthier and more organic for bunnies.

In addition to routine observation, have your veterinarian regularly examine your bunny’s teeth. Your veterinarian will search for indications of dental abnormalities throughout the examination, including malocclusion, overgrowth, or an infection. Your veterinarian can assist you in taking the right steps to stop future damage if it is detected in its early stages. In general, healthy rabbits only need one physical examination per year. You should increase the number of checkups to two per year if your bunny is old.

Managing and Preventing Dental Problems in Rabbits


Brushing or teeth cleaning are not proper dental care procedures for rabbits. Looking for early warning signals and abnormalities, having enough chew toys available, and feeding your rabbit a diet that encourages enough grinding of the teeth are the best ways to take care of their dental health.

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